SHARE

Lista Patrimoniului Mondial - UNESCO
Institutul Naţional al Patrimoniului

Romanian Athenaeum

 

Romanian Athenaeum
Country
Romania
Region/province
Bucharest
Name of the cultural property, monument, natural or urban site, or site that has played a key role in European history.
Romanian Athenaeum
Owner of the cultural property, monument, natural or urban site, or site that has played a key role in European history
Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs, administrator George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra
Public or private authorities responsible for the site or property (delegated management)
Postal address
Bucharest, sector 1, str. Franklin nr. 1-3
Geographic coordinates of the cultural property, monument, natural or urban site, or site that has played a key role in European history
Latitude 44o26'29" North
Longitude 26o05'55" East


View Larger Map
Reasons for listing
The literary clubs during the first half of the XIX-th century were named Athenaeum, similarly to the academy of Hadrian established in Rome in 135 BC. Thus, cultural establishments appear all over Europe within the academies of Lyon, Marseille, London, first as private establishments, further on dedicated to spread culture. The models for the « Romanian Athenaeum » organizers were the similar establishments of Torino, Madrid, Paris. This popular feature of the Romanian Athenaeum has made the large audience used to a place of creation – scientists, writers, artists etc. Thus, C. Esarcu, V.A Ureche and N. Kretulescu set up in Bucharest, in the year 1865, the institution Romanian Athenaeum intended to « offer the people useful knowledge ».
The Athenaeum was imagined as "a palace of science and arts", where the largest audience had access, in a fastuous ambient, to culture profits – exhibitions, concerts and conferences, library, picture gallery and, later on, even motion-picture performances.
In 1886, on the recommendation of Charles Garnier (the author of the Opera house of Paris), the French architect Albert Galleron was selected to design the building of the Athenaeum, which was inaugurated on February 14, 1888. It has become the symbol of the Romanian Kingdom chief town.
A representative building of our country's chief town, it is placed on one of the oldest and most representative avenues, Calea Victoriei, across the Royal Palace.
A monument classified into A value group, a group of national and universal interest. Very good conservation status (restoration-strengthening finalized in 2004) The establishment is the periodic host of the well-known International Festival and Competition George Enescu.
Here is the headquarter of "G. Enescu" Philharmonic Orchestra and also here some of the greatest conductors and instrumentalists and vocalists of the XX-th century had concerts: Erich Kleiber, Sergiu Celibidache, Ionel Perlea, Herbert von Karajan, Dinu Lipatti, Arthur Rubinstein, Pablo Casals, Yehudi Menuhin. At present, the establishment is the permanent host of competitions, concerts, exhibitions and musical events.
A touristic and cultural objective mentioned by all the chief town presentation publications.
Description of the cultural property, monument, natural or urban site, or site that has played a key role in European history

Identity file of the site.

  • The lot the Romanian Athenaeum is placed on is located in the historic site of Bucharest between the streets N. Golescu (NE), Constantin Esarcu (NV), George Enescu Place (SV), Franklin (SE). A representative establishment for our country's chieftown, it is placed on one of the oldest and most representative avenues, Calea Victoriei.
  • The lot buildings are the initial Athenaeum (1886-1889), its subsequent extension (1893-1897) and the park it is place in.
  • The main building consists in the large hall for concerts and conferences placed on the former foundations initially intended to a circus and riding house of the Romanian equestrian society, a shape that influenced the hall planimetry.
  • Built in neoclassical style with many decoration elements typical for the end-of-century French architecture, the central plan building shows a rather eclectic style.
  • The front of the establishment is a 48 m long peristyle. The 8 columns of the peristyle are 12 m high, a size identical to the size of the Erechteion colums, in Athens. The size of the concerts halls are: 28.5 m – diametre and 16 m -height. The total height up to the dome top is 41 m.
  • Here are the features of the concert hall: 28.50 m diameter, 16 m height and a capacity round 794 seats, and the total height of the building is 41 m. The central part of the ground-floor is supported by 12 columns made in plaster work; from the rotunda, 4 monumental stairs of Carrara marble reach the hall and also from the rotunda goes up the honour stair. On the hall walls, there is a fresco made by prof. Costin Petrescu, a fresco representing, in 25 episodes, important moments of the Romanians' history. The work, sized 75 sq. m length and 3 m height, started in 1933 in « al fresco » technique, was inaugurated on May 26, 1938.
  • In 1935, on the initiative of George Enescu, funds were collected to install a concert organ, placed on the stage background.
  • The forged iron gates closing the alley of the establishment entrance – part of the fence surrounding the garden toward Calea Victoriei, as well as the neo-Greek porch under the Ionic fronton and dome (on metallic structure) used to be, for a certain period, the symbol of Bucharest.
  • In the park in front of the establishment there is the statue of the universal value poet Mihail Eminescu, a bronze statue made by the sculptor Gh. Anghel, 1963.
History of the cultural property, monument, natural or urban site, or site that has played a key role in European history
The French architect Albert Galleron whose project was selected by Constantin Esarcu, the founder of the Romanian Athenaeum society.
The building prooved to be necessary to carrying on multiple (cultular, scientific, artistic) activities of the Romanian Athenaeum society, following the development of an "Atheneum" netwrok all over Europe.
As an institution, the Romanian Athenaeum society was founded in 1865 by cãtre Constantin Esarcu, V.A. Ureche and Nicolae Cretulescu.
The building was erected by two stages (1886-1889; 1893-1897) by means of funds collected by public subscription.
In 1889 (the unauguration date), it was finalized the main building with the large hall for concerts and conferences, placed on the former foundations intended to a circus and riding hall of the Romanian equestrian society.
Between 1893-1897, by means of the funds assured by the Ministry of Public Education, the building was added a new wing in Poºta Veche street (the present N. Golescu street) and a monumental staur was added to the rotunda on the ground-floor.
Fter the first world war, the building was the headquarter of the country's Parliament and the Romanian Athenaeum society became the owner of the whole establishment. Between 1893-1897, by means of the funds assured by the Ministry of Public Education, the building was added a new wing in Poºta Veche street (the present N. Golescu street) and a monumental staur was added to the rotunda on the ground-floor. -The Romanian architect Leonida Negrescu was the author of the extension that included the monumental stair on the ground-floor.
Between 1924–1927 the halls of the building basement were refurbished.
Between 1933-1937, the painter Costin Petrescu made the large fresco in the concert hall, showing historic scenes, adding a patriotic message to the Belle Epoque inside, by a reach decoration contrasting with the severe front sides. The work of 75 sq. M length and 3 m width was started in 1933 in "al fresco" technique and was inaugurated on May 26, 1938.
According to the same interest in decoration it should be mentioned the constant interest uttered by C. Exarhu and Al. Odobescu, since 1888, in achieving the monumental fresco on the circular wall of the hall, a fresco that had to evoke the most important moments of our national history by also giving a true image of the Romanian soul specificity.
On the initiative of George Enescu, funds were collected for the installation of the concert organon (1935).
1962-1965 - the ventilation and air-conditioning system (dating since 1888) of the concert hall was restored, as well as thre halls in the basement.
1992-1998 - ample strengthening and restoration works: biodegradation sanitation, strengthening of side-buildings, portic, foyer skylight, spiral-shaped stairs, whole front side restoration by means of homogenous materials, restoration of the concert hall finishing and decorations, stage enlargement, furniture repairing, installations modernization (climatizing, fire distribution netwrok, electric equipment).
Strengthening and restorations intermitently went on till 2004.
System of protection of the cultural property, monument, natural or urban site, or site that has played a key role in European history, if appropriate
It has been listed with the Historic Monuments List since the year 2004, under code B-II-m-A-18789, as an A value group architecture monument of national and universal value.
Also protected by Law no. 5/2000 concerning the approval of the Plan on the National Territory Structuring - PATN, Section III, Protected Zones, Values of the cultural patrimony of national interest, (historic monuments of national, exceptional value).
State of preservation of the site/object
Its conservation status is very good due to the late strengthening-restoration works. It was strengthened and restored during the period 2000-2004, by Raluca Nicoara, architect & al. end Dragos Badea, dipl. eng.
It has been reopened after the year 2004 on the occasion of a new "George Enescu International Festival".
Policy to promote and enhance the appreciation of the site/property (detail actions already performed and required)
Permanent musical activities. Audience attracted by annual subscriptions and cultural manifestations enjoying extraordinary participation. Notoriety The « George Enescu International Festival » generates an audience interested in permanently participating in the cultural activities carried on. In fact, the Athenaeum is the first stage of the country, where there are performed the most important philharmonic concerts in Romania.
Cultural exchanges and networking
Concerts and events promoted by partners.
Among the partners: Radio România Cultural, 7 Seri, TVR, and Reader's Digest.
Heritage and creative activities
Benefiting from this hall, the "Romanian Athenaeum" Society has diversified its activity, the Athenaeum halls being the host of conferences, symphonic concerts performed by the Romanian Philharmonic Society founded since 1868 by Eduard Wachmann, as well as painting exhibitions (starting with 1894, the official belle-arte manifestations were organized in this hall). As a matter of fact, the Philharmonic Orchestra has permanently performed concerts since the very inauguration of the hall in 1888 up to nowadays, an exception being the period between the years 2000 - 2004, dedicated to the strengthening and restoration works. International Festival and Competition George Enescu, numerous concerts and performances organized with the participation of European artists.
Sources and level of finance
National, financing level - Financing grounded by a loan obtained through the agency of the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs, guaranteed by the Romanian Government and granted by the Bank for Development of the European Council (BDCE), amounting five million Euro. The loan covered the cost of the works for the strengthening, restoration and modernization of the large hall for concerts, of the dome, as well as for the restoration of the decorating zinc plate cover of the dome.

Revizuirea Listei Indicative a României pentru Patrimoniul Mondial UNESCO: Consultare publică

 

Rezultatul consultării publice desfăşurate între 25 mai şi 5 iunie a.c. - Tabel comparativ


Lista Indicativă este denumirea tehnică pentru a desemna un inventar de situri aflate pe teritoriul fiecărei ţări parte a Convenţiei Patrimoniului Mondial, considerate potrivite pentru a fi înscrise în Lista Patrimoniului Mondial - LPM UNESCO.

Înainte de a figura în LPM UNESCO, orice sit trebuie să fie introdus de către (oricare) stat în Lista Indicativă cu cel puţin un an înainte de a fi propus pentru LPM. Propunerile de situri sunt făcute în baza tematicilor şi studiilor cele mai recente.

România prezintă şi astăzi Lista Indicativă din 1991, în pofida faptului că fiecare stat semnatar are obligaţia de a o actualiza la cel mult zece ani. Cu toate că a fost completată în 2004, 2010 şi 2016 (când au fost introduse în Lista Indicativă Sibiul, Rimetea, respectiv Roşia Montană), Lista Indicativă a României a rămas neactualizată în ansamblul său. Ea este anacronică şi depăşită la nivel de propunere, de criterii şi de metodologie.

Institutul Naţional al Patrimoniului consideră că este imperios necesară revizuirea Listei Indicative şi actualizarea ei potrivit Ghidului Operaţional pentru Implementarea Convenţiei Patrimoniului Mondial cât şi recomandărilor Centrului Patrimoniului Mondial.

În urma consultărilor cu Ministerul Culturii şi cu Ministerul Mediului, Apelor şi Pădurilor, INP prezintă spre consultare publică Procedura şi calendarul de revizuire a Listei Indicative a României, împreună cu noul Formular pentru propunerile de înscriere.

Observaţiile şi propunerile privind materialele prezentate spre consultare pot fi făcute prin e-mail, la adresa listaindicativa@patrimoniu.gov.ro, până la data de 5 iunie (inclusiv).